Can Gamification Make Us Learn?

Howdy folks,

2014-08-04-15-00-50.jpgtoday I want to share with you my latest insights about the question if gamification can make us learn. I was thinking about it again because my former lecturer told me that in her opinion, learning (especially in Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)) does not need to be fun but to include top notch content.

First, for those of you who are not familiar to gamification: gamification is the application of game mechanics in non-game contexts, e.g. showing customers a leaderboard of the most-buying customers to motivate them to buy even more. So you might want to call gamification a manipulation thing using mechanics that make you feel good or try to do better in games.

The question now is, can we really be manipulated to learn something?

2013-10-11 10.45.46In my opinion, gamification can be a trigger for learning. The game-like style is likely to grab your attention and teach you a first few things in an easy way. This is supported by a good on-boarding design. On-boarding means that in the beginning, there is more help and less difficulty so that you can start smoothly and not just get scared and frustrated after the first minutes.

Gamification then can keep you for some time satisfying your curiosity to discover new things and to figure out how things work. You might enjoy yourself earning some points and achievements and making some progress.

But someday, things get boring and the question then is: What have you learned and what are the take-aways from the time spent on this gamified learning environment?

To be able to answer this question, we have to think about your original motivation why you spent this time and if your motivation changed during spending the time. In my opinion, you can only learn something in a healthy way if you are really caring about learning it. I define healthy learning as a sustainable learning which is achieved once the learner begins to ask questions and looks for answers to these questions – which leads to real engagement of the learner and application of the topic to learn.

2014-08-07-10-50-56.jpgSo if you just stumbled into the learning environment accidentally, looking for pleasure and left once pleasure became less and work became more, you might have learned a few things but they are very likely to fade away soon and you are likely to have not achieved a deep learning and understanding of the topic to learn. In short, little or no learning.

But if you came to the learning environment with questions to answer or developed an interest in the topic to learn in the learning environment, you are likely to take away much more – and maybe even stay longer or look for other learning environments.

So the point I want to make is that what matters first and most is not the design of the learning environment but your motivation to learn.

Which is the role of gamification then?

Redesign of a gamified Software Engineering course, ICL Kazan 2013(6)As stated above, gamification can be a trigger for learning. If the learner is motivated for learning (motivation is not the product of gamification!), the elements of gamification can be a great way to provide the learner with a lot of intuitive learning management tools. Think of a map which shows you the topics you could still move to. A skill tree which shows you which skills you’ve already learned and what you might want or need to work on. A quest you can give to someone so that he/she explains something to you or works on a topic you are interested in. Earning experience points for learning success and getting level-ups to find and peer with other persons of similar levels. All the tracking of your learning and the management of the topics to cover, the possibilities to work on and the communication with other persons can be enhanced and facilitated by gamification techniques so that you can spend more time on the thing you care for – learning something you are really interested in.

2014-08-08-11-44-19.jpgFinally, to answer my starting question: gamification can not make us learn in a healthy way if we are only looking for pleasure. And a last side note: It is somewhat ironic that a society which is pleasure-centered tries to cure the problems of their pleasure-centeredness (that people care more about earning money to buy more pleasure than to learn more to make the world a better place), that this pleasure-centered society is trying to cure their pleasure-centeredness problem with making learning more pleasure…

I am looking forward to learn what you think.

Have a great weekend,

Chris

For Those Who Want To Read My Paper – Redesign of a Gamified Software Engineering Course

Accumulative grading in my redesigned course

Accumulative grading in my redesigned course

Howdy folks,

if you want to read my paper with which I won the Young Scientist Award 2013, feel free to do so here.

Comments and like are very appreciated.

May peace surround you and be happiness your friend.

Yours sincerely,

Chris

New Directions To Head For – Watch Your Step, Staying Abroad Could Change Your World

Howdy folks,

sorry for today’s short and probably quite unstructured post but I just felt like having to write some thoughts down.

What have I learned at the ICL Conference in Kasan and what are the consequences for me?

  • Conference Dinner, Ballroom Hall, Kasan, Russia

    Conference Dinner, Ballroom Hall, Kasan, Russia

    There were really cool people and I loved this “attend to session – ask questions – get thinking – maybe collaborate or publish” thingy which felt like putting my brain into a rocket to the stars. Of course, I was always the one who asked at least one question after almost every presentation as I tried to attend only to presentations I was interested in.

  • Me right before leaving the Korston Hotel, Kasan, for the airport

    Me right before leaving the Korston Hotel, Kasan, for the airport

    I really liked to present my work and had the great luxury not to have to care about time but being allowed to fill a 30+ minutes timeslot in a 90 minutes session with a 15 minutes awarding ceremony and a 22 minutes video. So rather 30+++ minutes for me… Plus, I really got very positive feedback and realized I want to become a keynote speaker as soon as possible. I mean you can tell what you want to, get payed for talking and get free conference participation and accommodation. That’s amazing, isn’t it?

  • I am still suffering from my rocket brain which means that I am currently working on three papers, each for another conference. Could take me to Barcelona, Istanbul and New York. What will be next?
  • There was an American woman at the conference giving a presentation and telling us that Qatar is like Disneyland for education. I want to go there as soon as I’ve got my PhD. Wait, PhD, sorry, could you repeat that please?
  • Announcement of one presentation that I really enjoyed and that gave me a great bunch of inspiration

    Announcement of one presentation that I really enjoyed and that gave me a great bunch of inspiration

    Yes, I can. At the conference, my lecturer began getting on my nerves telling me I should get a PhD with some research on MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses, huge thing in education these days). To get her “shut up”, I wrote a mail to send to Stanford Graduate School of Education for research possibilities in the field of MOOCs. I already have some ideas what research could be. Well, instead of sending it to Stanford, I sent it to my lecturer for getting her feedback. Looking forward to it and I’m quite sure that together, we will work out a way how to get me a PhD. Plus, as a PhD student, conference participation would often be much cheaper.

  • You see, I am having quite a busy (crazy?) time but I realized that I want to have it this way. No work, no progress. No progress, no good…
  • Sunshine in Germany - went for a walk yesterday

    Sunshine in Germany – went for a walk yesterday

    One last thing: I really want to learn Russian. Recommendations for good free online learning tools are welcome (already got some but you might know even better ones).

So this is my “everything changed in five minutes” post, hope you enjoyed reading. Comments and Likes are welcome, as always.

May peace surround you and happiness be your friend.

Chris

P.S.: Do you like my new blog theme? Had to change the old one because of it poor comment nesting display functions (comments got hidden by the widgets).

From Above The Clouds Look Like Islands In The Sea – Flying Back To What I Thought Of Being My Home

Howdy folks,

Photo taken out of the plane's window before the plane was ready to take off - I was not

Photo taken out of the plane’s window before the plane was ready to take off – I was not

today I am a bit sad because I had to fly back from Russia yesterday and there is at least one reason I would have liked to stay there for – guess I will tell you more before Christmas. Now I am listening to “Macklemore – And we danced” on my playlist (click play below if you want to) and am trying to get my mood up to tell you about these wonderful last days in Kasan, Russia.

Bloom's Taxonomy is surely inhibited by the Instruction Paradigm - I want to purify it in my next publication

Bloom’s Taxonomy is surely inhibited by the Instruction Paradigm – I want to purify it in my next publication

Well, Friday I spent listening to some very inspiring presentations which I am very grateful for. Already planning the next publication which could take me to Barcelona, Spain. And planning a publication to get me to New York next Spring. You see, there’s plenty of work so thank you very much for your understanding that I am a bit behind answering all your very appreciated and lovely comments and visiting your blogs right now. As soon as things get a bit calmer again, I will get back to you, my very important persons and friends.

The sushi bar in Korston Hotel, Kasan

The sushi bar in Korston Hotel, Kasan

Friday in the evening, I had dinner at the sushi bar again, this time with two glühwein and a lot of additional glow in my stomache. At midnight, I went upstairs and prepared myself for the trip home. Feeling already a bit sad.

A plane at the Moscow SVO airport - they have cool panorama windows there

A plane at the Moscow SVO airport – they have cool panorama windows there

Then I had a nap for about 50 minutes, took a shower and was transported to Kasan Airport. The trip went well and I arrived at what I thought of being home before this trip at about 2pm. I had another nap for three hours and began to work on my publication.

Yesterday in the evening, there was a glowing in my stomache thanks to the internet again. Looking forward to my glowing stomache today, already got a first one listening to “Brazzaville – Girl from Vladivostock” (click below to listen to it).

Take care, my very appreciated friends, I am grateful for all of you being here.

May peace surround you and be happiness your friend, even if your love is far away at the moment.

Chris

P.S.: You can read all my posts about my trip to Kasan, Russia, here.

Presenting The Young Scientist Award Winner To You

Howdy folks,

yesterday I finally gave my talk at the ICL in Kasan, Russia.

Some statue in Kasan

Lenin statue in Kasan

I was introduced as a very talented, hope-promissing young man by the executive commitee member of IGIP, Axel Zafoschnig and I really felt very much honored, also by receiving the Young Scientist Award (which payed for one flight, the conference participation and the hotel accomodation by the way). After my talk (you can look at the slideshow below to see my slides, I will upload the paper soon and probably my talk as soon as I get the recorded video), lots of people told me they liked it and one colleague even told me it was one of the best talks he had seen on this conference. Trying hard not to burst of pride…

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Well, have to speed up, breakfast is awaiting me and Conference is starting in 20 minutes…

Yesterday, I attended to two amazing presentations, too. One by my young colleague Steffen from Hamburg and another one by my walking colleague Herwig from Graz (whose blog you can find here).

Then my room card sucked and didn’t work any more but the receptionist was very kind making it work again very fast.

Well I almost forgot to tell you but really I felt like singing and dancing when I took my shower with my very own shower gel and shampoo *shivers of luck* yesterday after I have finally got my luggage back again.

Thank you very much for reading, comments and likes appreciated, my friends.

May peace surround you and be happiness your friend.

Chris

P.S.: For those of you who like sushi some pictures of my visit to a sushi bar in Korston Mall, Kasan, yesterday below.

2013-09-26 21.23.49 2013-09-26 21.24.00 2013-09-26 21.24.33 2013-09-26 21.24.40 2013-09-26 21.36.00 2013-09-26 21.57.41

Vasili, Vodka And V-Necks (Yes, Sir! I’ve Got My Luggage Back!)

Howdy folks,

It rained yesterday in the morning in Kasan

It rained yesterday in the morning in Kasan

well yesterday was quite a long day so please don’t mind that my post is a bit longer than the last updates. What was the schedule for yesterday?

  • Opening and plenary sessions in the morning (mostly waste of time)
  • Some presentations in the afternoon (two nice ones even if the speakers were really poor at English language skill level so there was almost no possibility to ask questions and give feedback they understood)
  • A big dinner in the evening in the “Ballroom Hall”

So what do I’ve got for you, my friends?

  • Status update on lost luggage
  • Pictures from my short walk out after almost 48h under air-conditioning
  • Pictures from the dinner
  • My first Russian exam (and my first video, maybe you want to watch it but don’t worry, you can continue reading now and will come to the embedded Youtube video later)
  • I think that’s it, we’ll see…

For my luggage, I went to the reception yesterday in the early afternoon but the airport had not called yet. I was quite unhappy but then, two colleagues offered me to borrow me their clothing for today which made me quite happy to know such nice colleagues. Before the dinner, I went to the reception again and they told me that the airport has called and found my luggage but was too busy to deliver it at the hotel. The receptionist offered me to get my luggage into my room for 1400 rubles (about 30 €) and as I did not know how long the airport would take and buying new stuff was even more expensive, I changed some bucks into rubles and went for it. Now I am reunited with my luggage – I will never call you black heavy stupid thing again, sweetheart, you are so kind to open your mind and show me these beautiful cosmetics and clothing you carry in it – wow and woooooooooohoooooooooooo!).

Afterwards, as the dinner was postponed for a hour, I took a walk out with a colleague. Just let the images speak, I tried to write in the captions the things I know or do believe – no guarantee. But at least I can tell you that the roads in Kasan are in a far better state than the ones in Germany – shame on you Germania!

Some statue in Kasan

Some statue in Kasan

Could be the opera of Kasan

Could be the opera of Kasan

Could be the town hall of Kasan

Could be the town hall of Kasan

The Dream Café - whatever this is it sounds like a cool place

The Dream Café – whatever this is it sounds like a cool place

On my way back to the Korston hotel in Kasan

On my way back to the Korston hotel in Kasan

I passed a door I think it could have been nice to be able to read the sign

I passed a door I think it could have been nice to be able to read the sign

Well, this was like I imagined Russia before my trip - shame on me and shame on Western education for brainwash us not to look at beautiful Russia

Well, this was like I imagined Russia before my trip – shame on me and shame on Western education for brainwash us not to look at beautiful Russia

The dinner table between the parts of the meal

The dinner table between the parts of the meal

We arrived just before the dinner and there was quite a lot of live music (I included one short video below but turn down the volume before please, it is quite loud) of different genres, from Jazz over traditional to classic (Four seasons by Vivaldi). There was a huge amount to eat (the image only shows the table between two parts of the meal!).

Vasili's thumb and his vodka

Vasili’s thumb and his vodka

And there were some Russians with almost no English language skills to make friends with us (I guess they found us quite funny). And how do you do this here in Russia? I think with some nice vodka… A russian man called Vasili collected many bottles and began to talk to me using some german words (I’ll translate them right now) like “Good good, drink” or “My german friend, drink” and so on and well…

That's the Russian sign for bathroom for men - running or dancing?

That’s the Russian sign for bathroom for men – running or dancing?

I didn’t vomit even if I could have been an option after advancing too much with the two glass of water for one glass of vodka thing – drinking six glasses of water without any vodka is a bad idea – I felt so sick for a few minutes. But after I felt better, I was invited to join the dance and I did (or I tried) without earning any remarks but a frequent “To my german friend, drink”.

After this cheerful evening, I decided to learn some Russian and attached my first Russian (self made) exam below.

Thank you very much for reading, comments and likes are appreciated as always. Na zdorove!

Yours sincerely,

Chris

Russia – Here We Come

English: All Religions Temple. A building and ...

English: All Religions Temple. A building and cultural center build by the local artist Ildar Xanov. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Howdy folks,

In about seven hours, my flight is leaving Germany for Russia and after changing the flight in Moscow, we will finally arrive at Kasan, Russia. Why? Well, I won the Young Scientist Award for the ICL Conference 2013 with a paper called “Redesign of a gamified Software Engineering Course”. So I get the opportunity to stay four days in Russia and present my paper for 20 minutes plus attending to a lot of presentations. You might want to read a bit more about this here.

I will keep you posted how I am doing and will upload my paper and maybe even a video of my presentation (I think someone will record it, the only question is when I get it) for you as soon as I am home again.

May peace surround you and be happiness your friend.

Yours sincerely,

Chris

P.S.: Make sure to join my Remember Happiness Today series – a question per day to think of happy times – here.

P.S.2: Yesterday was my “best day ever” with 72 visits on my blog. I am happy and want to say thank you thank you thank you to you all, I am so glad you are here and am looking forward to our interaction.

P.S.3: If you wondered about the “We” in the title – my lecturer who is also co-author of my paper will come with me which I am very grateful for.

How a school I found would look like

Howdy folks,

this morning I had a look again at Suzie81’s great post about why students are not allowed to fail. Afterwards, in the train to work, my brain started rattling and I thought about writing a blog entry on how a school I found would look like, especially how to write a kind of a mission statement for true and deep learning.

Real People. Deep Learning

Real People. Deep Learning (Photo credit: giulia.forsythe)

I happened to not having paper with me so I was happy to find some empty space in the DB Mobil magazine (a free monthly magazine that is available in German trains). Enjoy reading about the “Basics for getting the best of yourself School” (BaGeBeYouS) and don’t forget to tell me what you think about it. Thank you very much and you really are a brave one, dear (soon) commenter. Cheers!

Visit and Contribute to the Basics for Getting the Best of Yourself School (BaGeBeYouS)

Lessons I learned from reading John Tagg’s “Learning Paradigm College”

Howdy folks,

Today, I want to introduce to you a great book about education and life I read some time ago: “The Learning Pardadigm College” by John Tagg. I read this book for my research on designing a new course concept for the Software Engineering course at  the Duale Hochschule of Karlsruhe and got a great bunch of inspiration from reading it that I want to share with you now. But some important questions first.

P question

What do you think about the Learning Paradigm College?

What do you think are the problems we are facing as students and as teachers at university/college/school?

Have you ever worked in a project in school/college/university and how did it feel compared to everyday’s learning?

I love to read and answer your comments, thanks in advance!

So now we can begin with the lessons I learned from reading John Tagg’s “Learning Paradigm College”.

Guidance from the map and feedback when you see a roadsign you expected to see. (Photo credit: fotalia.de)

Guidance from the map and feedback when you see a roadsign you expected to see. (Photo credit: fotalia.de)

Teaching is never adequate to cause successful learning because no matter how well you guide me in advance, I still need to determine whether I am successfully doing what you asked me to. (S. 189)

Guidance gives direction; feedback tells me whether I am on track or off track in a way that enables me to self-adjust. (S. 189)

This is an important thought first: A teacher can tell a student what to do but the student will need feedback from the teacher to determine if he/she is still on the way to success and how he/she could do better. If the teacher fails to give accurate feedback, every exercise will probably result in frustration for every student that accidentally lost the road (the way to success).

Many students will take time to learn to use their freedom because they have adopted a radically short time horizon, thinking in terms of the next test or the next assignment. (S. 245)

If you implement a new course concept which uses Problem-based and Collaborative learning (which I would really appreciate by the way, please remember to share your findings and experiences with us. Thanks!), don’t expect the students to change their habits from one day to another. As Tagg says, they have adopted a very short time horizon which makes it hard for them to work on problems that do not directly lead to the next test. This was the reason that I decided for the Software engineering course re-redesign to plan for almost weekly grades but always paired with feedback which is important to the students to improve as they will do the same activity again and again in the course.

When students write reflective journals or essays about their experience in the field – in internships, research, or service – they reify their formative meanings. And when they discuss those reflections, they participate in the ongoing negotiation of meaning. (S. 259)

Planned student activities during a "lecture" in my re-redesign of the Software Engineering course

Planned student activities during a “lecture” in my re-redesign of the Software Engineering course

In my SE course re-redesign, students are expected to write regular blog entries that are graded and that they receive feedback on. In their teams they discuss what they learned and how their project is doing and write a blog entry about it. Additionally, there are peer reviews for submitted project progresses with predefined criteria. The meaning of this criteria has to be negotiated, too.

Only if the teachers are learners too, and if they are seen to be learners, can they genuinely model deep learning for the apprentice learners in the community. The best design for learning in classrooms, it seems to me, is the combination of several teachers with a group of students who are addressing a theme that none of them quite has charge of, the meaning of which must be negotiated by the teachers as well as the students. (S. 263)

In this very inspiring quote, Tagg claims (in my opinion) for cross-discipline Problem-based and Collaborative teaching. There we get to a very central point of the Learning Paradigm College: Opposed to the Instruction Paradigm College with its “One teacher, one room, x students all focussed on the teacher (or should be)”, the Learning Paradigm College expects you to drop all the unjustificable relicts from the history of education: The blackboard and the teacher table do not have to be in front of the classroom and the chairs should not be arranged in lines. You may ask if it is still school then? No and yes. No, it will not be like school we know it today. But yes, it will (finally) be a school in the meaning of a “place where students learn something for life”.

English: 5th floor lecture hall at Baruch Coll...

English: 5th floor lecture hall at Baruch College. Taken on the day of an Economics Final Examination. The watermark is my own; I have full rights to this image and am the original photographer for this image. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

A lecture hall affords sitting among a mass and listening. The overwhelming message sent by the room is “sit down and watch what happens at the front of the room.” (S. 290)

Lining up the chairs in rows is an Instruction Paradigm habit. (S. 309)

As I already told you, the Learning Paradigm College expects you to drop all the unjustificable relicts from the history of education…

Shupe’s template for categorizing learning outcomes:

–          Understanding: a student’s demonstration of what he or she knows and understands within a specific context

–          Performance: a student’s demonstration of what he or she can do that is specific to a context

–          Perspective: a student’s demonstration of what he or she knows and understands that can be carried from one context to another

Capability: a student’s demonstration of what he or she can do that can be carried from one context to another.

(S. 301)

This template can be used to evaluate a student. And remember, evaluation is to analyze where the student can still improve in a learning environment that has a long time horizon. If you do so, please share your findings and experiences with us. Thanks!

Rich feedback leads to learning, while frequent evaluation often deters it. (S. 332)

Think about it in relation to deep learning vs. short time horizon created by test and drop.

Collaboration Rooms

Collaboration Rooms (Photo credit: Robert E. Kennedy Library at Cal Poly)

A major focus of course redesign should be to create communities of practice among students. (S. 330)

Go for Collaborative learning, internships and team project work!

Everything depends upon how the institution uses technology, whether it reinforces the cool cognitive economy that thrives in most institutions today or raises the temperature. […] On the other hand, if we look at many online courses offered today, we see a very cool cognitive economy, where students are isolated and denied significant feedback for most of their activities.

I laughed wenn reading these lines in Taggs book because I remembered the Duale Hochschule using Moodle but having deactivated the messaging function between students so that only the teacher could communicate to (not with) the students. Does not sound like Instruction Paradigm yet? You have to read or ask about it again, I guess…

If the goal is to facilitate and highlight student performances, the tools that count most are the tools that students use. (S. 333)

So Facebook and Co. have a great potential for learning? Anyone got any experiences with it? Would be great to read about, share them with us, please. Thanks!

So much for now, I added the “Golden rule – a kind of Ten Commandments for teachers” to the poll to vote for the next blog entry. Maybe you want to learn more about it…

P question

P question (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

What do you think about the Learning Paradigm College?

What do you think are the problems we are facing as students and as teachers at university, college and school?

Have you ever worked in a project or taken an internship in school, college or university and how did it feel compared to everyday’s learning?

I love to read and answer your comments, thanks in advance!

Failure and what I learned from failing – A course re-redesign

Howdy folks,

Today, I want to introduce myself as someone who tried educational gamification and failed. And as someone who read the amazing book “Learning Paradigm College” by John Tagg and was much influenced by Tagg’s thoughts. But let’s begin with the beginning…

English: University of Cooperative Education (...

Duale Hochschule Karlsruhe/University of Cooperative Education Karlsruhe (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

For my studies (Applied Computer Science), I wrote two 30 page papers (called “Studienarbeit”). Both are about redesigning the 1 year-long (2 semester) Software Engineering (SE) course in the Bachelor program for Applied Computer Science at the Duale Hochschule of Karlsruhe (DH).

The first one is about gamifying this SE course.

Most important ideas were:

  • Using a Map (see image below) where students could choose their way through the material (autonomy).
  • Providing students with a profile with a progress bar (feedback).
  • Giving Experience Points (XP) for completing tasks.
  • A Marketplace for creating and joining projects for the second semester.
Map providing students with autonomy to choose their way through the learning material

Map providing students with autonomy to choose their way through the learning material

Problems with this course design encountered in collected student feedback were:

  • Early release of the prototype had as a consequence that students were likely to find it buggy and feeling like guinea pigs (subjects of experiments).
  • The course design had too little focus on grades for a grade-centered environment like the DH.
  • Games seem to have a connotation as inefficient and not having the same value as work (sounding a bit like “Man, I’m serious and hard working, not just playing around!”).

So feeling quite frustrated, I said to myself “If you want hard work, you get hard work and if I only get you hard working by regular grading, let’s have a try!”.

This led to the second paper about implementing a Flipped Classroom for SE course:

Most important ideas were:

  • Diverse kind of tasks for students to avoid “reproduction-only” tests and increase learning efficiency (see image “student activity over lecture time (minutes)”).
Student activity over lecture time (minutes)

Student activity over lecture time (minutes)

  • Team work from the beginning to facilitate students keeping motivated and moving.
  • Regular grading and feedback for students on almost every task (see image “Possible points (sum) over lecture number”).

    Possible points (sum) over lecture number

    Possible points (sum) over lecture number

This design will be used in the next SE course starting in October 13. I’m already excited about how it will be perceived and rated by the students. I hope that the regular grading will avoid that students do not take the course serious just because it feels less like a lecture they are used to. After reading John Tagg’s amazing book, I thought that if we add enough feedback to every grade so that students can get better and better, it could heat up the learning environment a lot.

Do you have any ideas or comments to share on one of the papers? Or do you have any questions about one of the papers? Waiting for it in the comment section!

By the way, I wrote a shorter paper about the second paper and won a trip to Russia in September 2013 to participate in the IGIP conference. I’m looking forward to that adventure…

Have anyone ever been to Russia? Would be great if you shared your experiences with me!

I will write about the Russia trip and the conference and the Flipped Classroom for SE course after my conference participation. So if you already have questions concerning one of this three topics, let me know! Thanks in advance!